PDO (PROTECTED DESIGNATION OF ORIGIN) and PGI (PROTECTED GEOGRAPHICAL INDICATION)2019. 03. 17.
The history of Gönci apricot and palinka
The special geographical features of the Carpathian Basin were even acknowledged by Plinius (Pliny the Elder) in Naturalis Historia (Caius Plinius Secundus Maior, Historia Naturalis, 77.), he described our land as “Fruit growing Pannonia”. Thanks to its favourable geographical features, the landscape of Hungary is perfect for fruit-growing. This is also the reason why Hungarian fruits have remarkable, high-quality flavour and aroma. Hungarian apricot already made a reputation in Europe in the 16th century. The name “kajszi-baraczk” (apricot) first appeared in János Liptay’s works, it was named after some other types of apricots. The second half of the 19th century was the real golden age of the Hungarian apricot.
Basically, Gönci apricot became a well-known brand in the 1950-60s, when the production profiles of smallholdings and communal farms also strengthened. It was previously acknowledged in 1960 (Hungarian apricot 235 C.) and Gönci apricot became an officially acknowledged variety of the fruit in 1976. The brand became well-known especially from the 1970s, which was mainly the result of the large-scale production and trade of the apricot palinka. Climate, high quality fruit, traditions and full compliance with all the technological restrictions are some of the key factors that make Gönci apricot palinka unique. Top quality, excellent palinka could only be produced from high-quality ingredients. Apricot, the essential ingredient of palinka production can only be grown in those areas of the producing region of Gönc that are suitable for planting the fruit. Gönci apricot palinka can be produced and bottled exclusively in the distilleries of the district.
* for more details on this topic, see by the Ministry of Agriculture’s Deputy State Secretariat for Origin Protection.